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What is Pelvic Organ Prolapse?

Pelvic organ prolapse is when the bladder, uterus, or rectum prolapses or “bulges” into the vagina. It’s less common than other pelvic disorders like incontinence, but still affects 3% of women, according to the Office on Women’s Health.

Causes and Risk Factors

Pelvic organ prolapse occurs due to weakened muscles or connective tissues in the pelvis. There are a few risk factors that can play a role in developing it, including:

  • vaginal deliveries (especially when the babies are big)
  • chronic constipation
  • smoking

Additionally, genetics also plays a role.

Symptoms and Treatment

The most common symptoms are a feeling pressure or feeling/seeing a bulge. Sometimes changes in bladder or bowel habits can occur, at times making pelvic organ prolapse a very difficult situation for some women. There can also be some spotting for at times for some women with pelvic organ prolapse.

However, occasionally a woman may not know she has pelvic organ prolapse until it is identified at the time of an exam.

Though it might sound like a scary situation, treatment for prolapse is not always necessary unless it is bothersome or it is causing bleeding or urine retention. If symptoms are bothersome or are interfering with your life, there are definitely things that can be done.  There are several different treatment options that range from physical therapy or pessary or surgery.

We are happy to have you come in to discuss your concerns! If prolapse symptoms are bothering you, you should not have to feel that you need to not have treatment. If you think you may be suffering from pelvic organ prolapse, please call us at 208-888-0909 for an appointment to talk with one of our knowledgeable and caring providers.


*** This article is not intended to be medical advice and should not replace the advice of your treating medical professional. ***